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Gaddafi 8, Us 8, Benghazi 8, Eu 5, Belgium 4, Athens 4, Calderon 3, California 3, Syria 2, New York 2, Newman 2, China 2, Bridget Kendall 2, Stowe 2, Honolulu 2, Turkey 2, Greece 2, Libya 2, Vermont 2, U.s. 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    June 24, 2011
    7:00 - 7:30am EDT  

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>> this is "bbc world news" funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> of forcing gaddafi's downfall from within. rebels established at a secret network inside aaa. rebel leaders in benghazi told bbc they are in contact with more than 100 anti-gaddafi activists in the libyan capital. welcome to "gmt." also in the program -- more protests expected in syria as the eu talks tough on sanctions against the aside government and advise in iran. the vital role played by chinese labor in building america's great railroads. it is midday here in london,
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7:00 a.m. in washington and 1:00 p.m. in tripoli where it seems there is an increasingly well- organized secret network of anti gaddafi activist and contact with leaders of the revolutionary council in benghazi, at least that is the claim of rebel leaders speaking to bbc. u.s. officials are quoted as saying they have evidence, gaddafi no longer feels safe in tripoli. bridget kendall reports from benghazi. >> all ordinary life is on hold in this city, even for the children. schools are closed, so instead of the march and wait for the fall of gaddafi. the question is, how might he fall and what how much violence? on benghazi streetcorners and coffeeshops people wondering what awaits them. for the first time, the rebels have confirmed to us and they
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are in close touch with an underground network in tripoli. this member of the once-banned libyan moslem brotherhood is now part of the rebel leadership and one of five that every night talks by skype and satellite to 100 people across tripoli to plan for if and when the the gaddafi regime collapses. >> we are 100% sure the uprising will have been in tripoli. the only thing is the timing. >> what would be the trigger? >> no one can tell exactly the timing because it is multi dimensional. military and need to of -- all of this together has to hit at one time. >> no sign of a military push yet here on the eastern front, some 3 miles beyond this checkpoint. fighters told us they were impatient to get on with it. but it is also the day after
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gaddafi falls of the rebels are worried about. benghazi paid would want and destruction for its freedom. the military barracks in the city is now twisted metal and rubble, a stark warning of what could happen in tripoli. so, the rebels planned to move headquarters to the libyan capital as soon as they can, to appeal for calm, and held a fact of president, a widely respected former judge, can hold the country together. >> we are truly worried about security in tripoli but we put in place plans and people and we hope this will protect the city. >> which brings us back to that clandestine network extending its tentacles in tripoli. >> many people in the army and security forces, they will help us and some of them are telling us we are not as if we are with gaddafi, but at the moment we will be with you. that is the clear message we are
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getting for many people in security. >> it is not easy from here to check out the secret underground networks in tripoli but it fits in with what i have been hearing from other sources -- that any uprising in tripoli will depend upon the success of the military campaign, both of the rebels and nato. >> our diplomatic correspondent bridget kendall joins me from the of rebel stronghold of benghazi. wondering if there is something of a self for billing element -- if the rebels talk loud enough about the degree of activist opposition in tripoli maybe it will in some sense, drove. do you think that is what it is all about? >> firstly, it is about their hopes. not about what they know what happens. you have to ask themselves -- yourself why they are going public giving the detailed interview to be easy to explain what after all is supposed to be clandestine operations. i think there is an element of feeling they need to speak out
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and reads the public, both here and benghazi where people are beginning to ask what is the rebel leadership doing to prepare the way forward, but also no doubt to reach other people in tripoli. i must say i talk in detail about this network and it doesn't seem as though this is happening. i can't prove it is true but it rings true to me that there is this quite concerted and constant contact going on with tripoli. >> on the other hand, it could be an invitation to gaddafi and his loyalists to launch another security crackdown in the capital. how secure do you think these people, that acted as stomach combat -- opponents of gaddafi feel in the capital city? >> the very fact they are prepared to talk about it suggests to me they are quite confident. the person i talked to is on the line every night to people from tripoli is they are hearing from them day-by-day there are less
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senior officials appearing in government officers -- offices. there seemed to be fewer military on street corners. they believe that by talking by skype and satellite phones they are not tractable and so far none of the network had been arrested. he also had a have a lot of experience. he himself, and member of the wednesday and libyan muslim brotherhood in libya and he said they have been doubling this for decades and we have not been infiltrated, so we think we can do what. yeah, take the >> thank you for joining us on "gmt." let's stay with the arab us route the uprising. it is friday, so would mean once again anti-government protests are expected after syria's afternoon prayers. the number of refugees currently inside turkey has risen beyond 11,000. a syrian military forces have surrounded the village of a juz
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right on the border. we will be on the turkish side and a minute but first, the latest on european union's sanctions from our european affairs correspondent. >> all now seems quieter today along this stretch of the border. most of the refugees have fled, either into turkey, but other parts -- or other parts of northern syria. the arrival of syrian troops in the border region sparked panic among those who already fled once in their home town to avoid it advancing troops. so now, the refugee camps inside turkey have swollen further with more than 1500 people are arriving over the past 24 hours. but the european union said -- at the european union summit in brussels leaders issued a draft statement warning the syrian government is losing legitimacy
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and they imposed new sanctions on serious -- syrian officials and also aaron's revolutionary guard. the eu says the revolutionary guard has been providing support and equipment to the syrian regime to help that suppress the anti-government protests. three top iranian commanders will have assets frozen and will face a travel ban. the iranian authorities successfully crushed opposition demonstrations in their own country two years ago. but so far, it is not clear exactly how much help they have been providing the syrian government. meanwhile, syrian state tv has been broadcasting what it says are pictures of refugees returning home to one of the main northern towns, jisr al shagour. many were killed a year earlier last month. this attempt to betray life
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returning to normal even though military operations continued in the region. bbc news. >> so, let's cross live to the syria-turkey border. our correspondent jonathan head is on the turkish side of the border. jonathan, as youhe flow of refugees increased yesterday. what is the latest you have on what is happening? >> that flow has stopped, and there is a good reason for that. the area behind me that had quite a few refugees have been and should tnt. they crossed yesterday when the syrian troops appeared. the top of the hill behind me, lined up, armored vehicles and trucks sometimes concealed behind bushes and trees but the presence is obvious. the refugees felt very frightened. it pretty much all rushed across the border. more than 1500 who came over the last 24 hours and they have been
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taken to one of the five camps turkish authorities have operations. we don't see many of them. and there are actually a few activists and of the people who managed to stay with family here. they've all got very interesting stories. the stories, some say, quite recently when the syrian army moved quite close. maybe driven out of their own villages. some had been on the other side of the border for quite some time before the rest across. but we don't expect to see many more refugees coming over here because they cannot reach here. it has been sealed off by the syrian army. further down the border there is a different picture. we don't know how extensive syrian army operations are but we do know there are thousands of people under guest: on the move will lead not been able to come into turkey. we keep hearing about new movements of people coming up to the board. there is a possibility there will be a big flood, with the turkish authorities. for that with a sixth camp under construction. >> thank you for the latest.
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let's take a quick look -- a quick look at other stories ever on the world. of the first woman to appear before the international tribunal of rwanda over charges of genocide is been jailed for life. of the former minister's four family pauline nyiramasuhuko has been found guilty of helping plan the genocide and/or organizing the rape of women and girls. an estimated 800,000 tutsis and moderate hutus were murdered. tymoshenko has gone on trial in kiev, accused of exceeding authority by signing a gas contract with russia in 2009 after moscow cut supplies. it is estimated the deal caused a great financial losses. ms. tutsi dismissed the charges as revenge from her rival president. -- ms. tymoshenko.
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the little figures are politically and socially significant -- apparently. the mexican president has defended the decision to fight the country that the drug cartels during a meeting with people who lost relatives to the drug violence. julien has this report. >> it was the dialogue that started with silence. a minute to remember the almost 40,000 people who have died since late to thousand six in mexico that a drug war. the meeting was convened by calderon to discuss but situation in the country with relatives of victims of the violence. among them was the poet whose son was killed in march by a drug gang and had since become the loudest critic of president calderon that a security strategy. >> the mexican state is failing and that obligation to protect its people and defend their
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rights. that is why, mr. president, in your state role you are responsible for the deaths of 40,000 people. >> mr. calderon made a candid defense of his decision to deploy the army on the streets to fight drug cartels, which critics say, fuelled the violence instead of stopping it. >> yes, we must ask for forgiveness for those who died at the hands of criminals. i don't regret sending federal troops to combat those criminals who nobody thought, because they were afraid of them or because they were bored by them. if i regret anything, it is not sending them before. >> beyond the politics there was a motion. this mother whose four sons were kidnapped and a still missing was comforted by president calderon. this movement has proven to be a moment of catharsis for the victims of violence and the security officials concerned about the situation. the question is whether this dialogue will translate into action and changes in the
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scenario of mexican's drug war. the concrete action is what many mexicans, like those protesting, want to see before it is too late. >> this is "gmt" from abc world news. the headlines -- libyan rebels tell the bbc they are in contact with a secret network of supporters within government- held territory. they say the network includes army officers and government officials. the circus -- turkish authorities say there have been a sharp rise in net number assyrians across the border. the estimate 12,000 crossed the frontier. more now on the great debt crisis. there is anchored in athens over the news of the public faces an even tougher austerity package than planned. it has to do with the eu leaders giving a green light to the next tranche of money.
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but there are strings attached. >> and there was a bit of a battle. bureau -- eu leaders fended off an attempted -- not an attempt by agreed to water down the conditions that are attached to this seconds rescue package, the second round of rescue money. similar to the first one, but around $160 billion. the greek government wanted a softer approach but at the end of the day the eu leaders would have nothing to do with that. at the end of the day the numbers coming out of athens won again did not add up so there was a bigger hole -- the numbers were worse. the greek government finally agreed they would increase taxes, even higher taxes, and, of course, make deeper cuts. so it makes a very tough for the greeks indeed. let's go straight over to athens. i am joined by the chairman of the city's chamber of commerce and industry.
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welcome to the program. i understand your organization thinks that your government and in fact the eurozone leaders are going about this in the wrong manner. >> we definitely think so. a deeply rooted problems of greek society, of the greek economy, are not solved by the rhetoric of the grandiose expression of compassion that the new finance minister showed yesterday just before announcing a tsunami of new taxes in respect to the interim austerity package which is to be discussed and passed in parliament in a few days time. >> constantine, in know there will be a lot of people watching this going, hang on, greece has only itself to blame. managed economy, tax evasion, and basically agrees borrow more money than it could pay back. greece was living beyond its
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means. >> it is not the low income groups, nor the smaller or medium-sized enterprises who are responsible for the situation we are facing today. we often admit that for the last 30 years gross political mismanagement is responsible and therefore we can't the expect the second time around within a year, once we see the recipe of higher taxes not succeeded, to use exactly the same mixture of policy that has been proven unsuccessful to get us out of this crisis. i think even if this bill is passed on the thursday within the greek parliament, it really will serve as a stay of execution until the next audit in september. it is one thing passing a bill and another thing implementing this bill. we have not seen, apart from the austerity measures, anything stimulating the economy. and anyone can realize that when you reach the bone and no fat left you need to enhance growth
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measures into the economy so we provide you with at least a glimmer of hope that you can get out of the tunnel of crisis. >> many are also saying, constantine, tax revenues to help stimulate the economy -- but you expect perhaps some members of the organization you are chairman of, whether it be on a personal or business or professional capacity, have avoided paying the taxes that perhaps they should have done? >> absolutely. i would agree with you and i am the first person to actually make such a declaration. however, the relevant ministries, the ministry of finance knows -- or if they don't know, they can discover very easily through the systems they have, who are those who are systematically tax evading so they can clampdown. it is totally unfair, especially for the low income groups and a smaller or medium-sized enterprises who do pay their taxes to be punished on a
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continuous basis. therefore tax evasion being an inherent problem of the greek economy or society must be faced as such and the relative mechanisms that are in force should clampdown on it immediately. >> ok, thank you very much for joining. appreciate your time. the chairman of the athens chamber of commerce and industry. detroit -- take a quick look of the markets pretty much better day we were seeing. much on the back of china. comments from beijing that they will take control and tackle their inflation problem. but all eyes -- let's not kid ourselves -- are on the debt crisis and awaiting the greek parliament vote that will take place wednesday and thursday. >> thank you very much, indeed. now let's move on to our power of asia season -- 150 years ago american-built the first transcontinental railroad and the laborers who cut the tunnels
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by hand for a pittance were chinese. today the passenger network is slow and unreliable and the u.s. and president obama has made high-speed rail a priority, with the first line plan for california. guess what? the chinese are involved again. but this time they are proposing to design its, build it, and part funded. alistair reports. >> we have come high up into the sierra nevada mountains in california to explore the roots that the original transcontinental railroad across america. this is one of the most difficult stretches to complete because it stands 7,000 feet up. it is a beautiful part of the world, because -- but we have become under the snow and inside the tunnel and the manager of the museum has kindly offered to show us around. it is an incredible feat that this was done in 1860's. tell me it looked at how they managed it. >> well, one, it was done with
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chinese labor for a variety of reasons. but it was all done by hand. there was no caterpillar tractor kind of things to dig it out. they drill the holes and the wall -- you can see the marks. they would tamper powder down inside of those. they would like a fuse and blow out a section of rock and then carved it away. they manage to get about 14 inches a day, so it took a good year and to dig this tunnel. >> you say it was chinese laborers who did this. tell me what conditions were like? how did they live and work here? the snow is just here and it is the middle of the summer. >> they camped in the snow. there were no buildings, no houses, nothing like this. they can't locally and then they would have tunnels in the snow they could use to get into the tunnel where they were doing the
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bidding. the chinese proved to be very reliable. they appreciated a job and stuck with it. they drank tea instead of whiskey and not irish drink whiskey, so that made them more reliable, more desirable employees. >> it must have been a very hard thing for them to do. they were not treated as well. >> they were underpaid by comparison. they made a $28 a month, out of which they had to buy their food and their shelter. it was the best the chinese could get, so they stayed and built the railroads. >> something a lot of people all around the world may not be aware of because a lot of the photographs, the transcontinental railroad being completed, very few, if any, chinese faces. >> they moved them out of the picture -- which is kind of embarrassing. but that is the way it was. >> and now, of course, we are talking about a high-speed rail in california. when it the biggest bidders is a
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chinese company, and the chinese government bring in not only billions of dollars worth of money but also bringing in the high-technology. what do think about that? >> i am not sure how much money they are bringing but they are certainly bring in the technology -- they have built some pretty fantastic railroads in china. >> what you think about the fact that things have changed the rabbit? >> i think it is fun -- kind of ironic, what comes around goes around. >> what goes around comes around. i guess that is indeed, true. now, it may not have come to your attention but tomorrow is global smurfs day, one of belgium's proudest exports. top of smurf and the rest of them refuse to die. what is the secret of their enduring appeal? we asked someone from the comic strip center in belgium to explain. >> smurfs or created in 1958 and
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at that period, belgium was quite dominated by the catholic church. and this had consequences also for comic strips, because it was not done it at that time to make children's books were boys and girls were living together in the venture. that is why this merger society, it is a male society. every smurf is quite fragile, quite weak, and alone they don't have any chance to survive. all you nine said they are strong and united -- united they are strong and can create a harmonious society. this is thelike the smurfs, but they say it is very cute and nice. however, there are some stories where you can find a very strong
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political message. there is one story made about a smurf who thinks he is better than all the others, so he composes an army and the obliges all of the smurfs to obey him. they are forced to construct a palace. opponents are thrown into prison. what is very clear, this is an allusion to dictators, hitler and mussolini. >> from the comic strip center in belgium. he has a degree in smurf studies. this is -- maybe not. this is all for "gmt." for more information about the situation in libya, contacts between the rebels and benghazi and people in tripoli, you confined all on our website, bbc.com. please stay with us on the bbc world news.
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there is plenty more to come. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global financial strength to wow for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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